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cli-tarHow do I use tar to compress a directory in a shell?

The tar command can be used to compress a directory in a shell. It is a useful tool for archiving and compressing multiple files and directories into one file.

Here is an example of how to use the tar command to compress a directory:

tar -czvf myarchive.tar.gz mydirectory/

This command will create a myarchive.tar.gz file that contains the contents of the mydirectory directory. The -czvf options used in this command are:

  • -c: Create a new archive
  • -z: Compress the archive with gzip
  • -v: Verbosely list files processed
  • -f: Specify the filename for the resulting archive

For more information about the tar command, see the GNU tar Manual.

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