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cli-tarHow do I use the command line to tar and zip a file?

The command line is a powerful tool for managing files and directories. To tar and zip a file, you can use the tar and gzip commands.

The tar command is used to create a tarball, which is a single file containing multiple files and directories. The gzip command is used to compress the tarball, reducing its size.

Here's an example of how to tar and zip a file using the command line:

$ tar -cvf myfile.tar myfile.txt
$ gzip myfile.tar

The -cvf option tells tar to create a tarball with verbose output. The gzip command will compress the tarball, creating a new file called myfile.tar.gz.

The parts of the command are:

  • tar: the command to create a tarball
  • -cvf: the options to create a tarball with verbose output
  • myfile.tar: the name of the tarball to create
  • myfile.txt: the file to be included in the tarball
  • gzip: the command to compress the tarball
  • myfile.tar.gz: the name of the compressed tarball

For more information on using the tar and gzip commands, see the GNU tar manual and the gzip manual.

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